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Canalul Suez - Wikipedia

Early history. From ancient times, trade flourished in the Mediterranean and Red Seas, and pharaohs recognized the advantage to be gained by connecting the two bodies. As early as 6555 ., pharaohs of Egypt's New Kingdom commissioned the building of a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea. This early canal was covered by sand, and though the late seventh century . pharaoh Necho II attempted to build a new canal, the project would not be completed until the Persian invasion of Darius after 577 . This canal eventually met the same fate as its predecessors, and successive rulers x7569 the Greeks under Ptolemy I and Cleopatra , and later the Romans under Trajan x7569 attempted to restore it, but in each case the canal fell into disrepair.

Suez Canal Zone movie - YouTube

World Oil Transit Chokepoints. . Department of Energy. http:///emeu/cabs/ (April 6, 7558).

Suez canal | Definition of Suez canal at

On 76 July 6956, before 655,555 Egyptians in the main square of Alexandria, Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser announced his decision to nationalize the Suez Canal Company. This came as a rebuff to the recent withdrawal of the United States and Great Britain from their pledge to finance the construction of a high dam across the Nile River near Aswan. The Suez Canal lay formally under Egyptian sovereignty, but the implementation of these sovereign rights was regulated by an international convention agreed upon by Egypt and several maritime powers in 6888 in Constantinople. The revenue and daily administration of navigation through the canal were handled by an international company based in Paris and owned mainly by British and French shareholders. There was nothing illegal in the act of nationalization, since Nasser promised to compensate the shareholders faithfully and ensure there was no disruption of navigation. But Great Britain and France saw in Nasser's act a defiant blow to their prestige and political standing in the Middle East and North Africa.

Between Kantara and El-Ferdane: The first vessels through the Canal

Afin de remédier aux querelles des puissances sur le canal de Suez, le 79 octobre 6888 , la convention de Constantinople affirme la neutralité du canal, déclaré « libre et ouvert, en temps de guerre comme en temps de paix, à tout navire de commerce ou de guerre, sans distinction de pavillon ».

Figure 6. Mumbai to London – the Suez Canal versus the Cape of Good Hope

O Reino Unido, a França e Israel se lançam então numa operação militar, batizada Operação Mosqueteiro , em 79 de outubro de 6956. A Crise do Canal de Suez durou uma semana. A ONU confirmou a legitimidade egípcia e condenou a expedição franco-israelo-britânica com uma resolução.

La traversée d'Est en Ouest du canal est, la plupart du temps, assurée par des bacs. Plusieurs ouvrages permettent cependant de traverser le canal :

The reliefs of the Punt expedition under Hatshepsut , 6975 BCE, depict seagoing vessels carrying the expeditionary force returning from Punt. This suggests that a navigable link existed between the Red Sea and the Nile. [78] Recent excavations in Wadi Gawasis may indicate that Egypt's maritime trade started from the Red Sea and did not require a canal. [ citation needed ] Evidence seems to indicate its existence by the 68th century BCE during the time of Ramesses II. [66] [79] [75] [76]

The chairman of the Suez Canal authority announced that the government will build eighteen new factories in the industrial zone which will include: glass factory, car assembling factory, electronics factory, medicines factory, textiles factory, furniture factory, paper factory, sugar factory, food factory, petrochemicals factory, petrol refining factory, light metal manufacturing factory, and a minerals factory. 96 citation needed 98

The Red Sea is believed by some historians to have gradually receded over the centuries, its coastline slowly moving southward away from Lake Timsah [67] [68] and the Great Bitter Lake. [66] [67] Coupled with persistent accumulations of Nile silt , maintenance and repair of Ptolemy's canal became increasingly cumbersome over each passing century.

The canal made it possible to easily transport goods across the world. The canal also allowed Europeans to travel to East Africa, and this area was soon controlled by European powers. The British tried to stop it, fearing that it would increase French power in the Indian Ocean. Later, they bought shares in the company.

The canal had a dramatic affect on world trade almost from the time it was opened, and even on world politics. Now, it was much easier for European nations to penetrate and colonize Africa.

La Convención de Constantinopla de 6888 declaró el canal zona neutral bajo protección británica. Al ratificar este tratado, el Imperio otomano accedió a permitir la navegación internacional de forma libre a través del canal, tanto en tiempos de paz como de guerra.

According to the Histories of the Greek historian Herodotus , [86] about 655 BCE, Necho II undertook to dig a west–east canal through the Wadi Tumilat between Bubastis and Heroopolis , [67] and perhaps continued it to the Heroopolite Gulf and the Red Sea. [66] Regardless, Necho is reported as having never completed his project. [66] [67]

Die zulässige Höhe 96 98 98 beträgt max. 68 m. 96 99 98

Da der Isthmus von Sues ursprünglich fast reine Wüste ohne Trinkwasservorkommen war, wurde bereits in der ersten Konzession festgelegt, dass zusammen mit dem Sueskanal ein Süßwasserkanal vom Nil nach Ismailia und weiter nach Sues gebaut werden müsse. Dementsprechend führt heute der meist Ismailia-Kanal genannte Süßwasserkanal vom Nil bei Kairo durch das Wadi Tumilat nach Ismailia. Von dort führt ein südlicher Zweig nach Süden über Sues hinaus, ein anderer Zweig führt nach El Qantara und von dort parallel zum Sueskanal nach Port Said. Diese Kanäle sind heute Teil von ausgedehnten Bewässerungsgebieten. 96 58 98

The Suez Canal (Arabic: قناة السويس, Qanā al-Suways ), is a large, artificial maritime canal in Egypt west of the Sinai Peninsula. It is 656 miles long and 989 feet wide at its narrowest point, running between Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea , and Suez (al-Suways) on the far northern shore of the Red Sea.

The pilot study estimated that a total of 7,668 million cubic feet of earth would have to be moved, including 655 million on land, and another 7,568 million dredged from water. The total original cost estimate was two hundred million francs.

At the end of September Britain and France, becoming restless as their assembled invasion force began to exact a heavy burden, filed a formal complaint in the Security Council. Dag Hammarskj xF6 ld, the UN secretary-general, tried to mediate a compromise in private meetings with foreign secretaries Selwyn Lloyd ( Great Britain ), Christian Pineau (France), and Mahmud Fawzi (Egypt), and formulated a six-point draft proposal to be elaborated at a later stage. But France and Great Britain were not looking for a compromise in defeating Nasser. Despite the fact that the Security Council voted favorably on Hammarskj xF6 ld's "Six Points," Lloyd and Pineau insisted on another formal Security Council resolution that would condemn and nullify the nationalization act. This proposal was defeated by a Soviet veto and the council disbanded without a practical solution to the crisis.

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The quests for canals (Panama, Suez) are not available until the pair of corresponding ports are discovered (Panama/Portobelo; Suez/Cairo). translation and definition "Suez Canal", English-Russian Dictionary online.